Tourist attractions of Zanzibar
Visitors are drawn to the islands of Zanzibar, “the Pearl of the Indian
Ocean”, by the fascinating history and culture, the relaxed and exotic
atmosphere, the pleasant climate, the pristine marine environment, the coral
reefs, the big game fishing, the plantations of spice and tropical fruits, the
fabulous foods of different origins and the unspoilt sandy beaches and crystal
clear waters where swimming is possible throughout the year.
How to get Zanzibar
Reaching Zanzibar is easy.
There are direct international flights from Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways,
and South African Airways. In addition, nearby Dar es Salaam is also served by
British Airways, KLM, Swiss Air, Emirates.
Within the East Africa region local flights are also available from Air
Tanzania, Precision Air, ZanAir and Coastal.
By sea, Zanzibar can be reached from Dar es Salaam by fast and regular ship
service. Including Sea Bus 1-3 and Sea Star 1-2.
Location & Size
Zanzibar lies 6°
south of the equator, and consists of two large islands plus several smaller
ones, about 40km (25 miles) off the coast of East Africa, in the Indian Ocean.
The population of Zanzibar is a round 700,000 (1992 estimate). Zanzibar’s
largest settlement is Zanzibar Town on Zanzibar Island (Unguja Island), with
about 120,000 inhabitants. Most
people live in small villages, and are engaged in farming or fishing.
The monsoon winds that blow across the Indian Ocean have
allowed contact between Persia, Arabia, India and the coast of East Africa
(including the islands of Zanzibar) for over two thousand years.
Portuguese navigators reached Zanzibar at the end of the 17th Century
they and established a trading station. At
the end of 17th Century they were ousted by Omani Arabs.
During this period , Zanzibar became a major slaving centre. In 1840, the Omani Sultan Said moved his court from Muscat to
Zanzibar, and the Island became an Arab state and an important centre of trade
and politics in the region. Many
European explorers, including Livingstone and Stanley, began their expedition
into the interior of Africa from Zanzibar during second half of the 19th
Century. Zanzibar was a British
protectorate from 1890 until 1963, when the state gained independence.
In 1964, the sultan and the government were overthrown in a revolution.
In the same year, Zanzibar and the newly independent country of Tanganyika
combined to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
The Islands of Zanzibar are generally flat and low lying.
The islands are surrounded by coasts of rocky inlets or sandy beaches,
with lagoons and mangrove swamps, and coral reefs beyond the shoreline
The best time to visit Zanzibar is June to February. The
main rains fall from mind– March to mid-June.
The average daily temperature is about 260 C.
Sea breeze are enjoyed all over the Island and the average sunshine is 12
The language of Zanzibar is Swahili (called Kiswahili
locally). English is widely used in
the towns and tourist areas. Arabic
is also spoken.
Islam is the main religion, and practiced by most
Zanzibaris. There are also small
populations of Christians and Hindus.
Zanzibar is a separate state within the United Republic of
Tanzania has its own government and president.